May 31, 2014

Lyrics & translation of Surya Mantra 'Tat Savitur Vrnimahe Vayam'..

Number of beautiful hymns are present in our Veda's to praise the Sun (Surya devta). Today I heard one of the hymn,  when I was watching Mahabharat on Star Plus.

In today's episode, this was played in the background, while Karan (son of solar deity Sun) was offering argh to Surya Narayan:

तत सवितुर वर्णीमहे वयं देवस्य भोजनम
शरेष्ठं सर्वधातमं तुरम भगस्य धीमहि ||
विश्वानि देव सवितर दुरितानि परा सुव |
यद भद्रं तन न आ सुव ||

Tat savitur vrnīmahe vayam devasya bhojanam |
Srestham sarvadhātamam turam bhaghasya dhīmahi ||
Viśvāni deva savitar duritāni parā suva |
Yad bhadram tan na ā suva ||

It means,
We desire of Savitar the God this fortune much to be enjoyed,
The best, all-yielding, glorious gift of Bhaga we would gladly win..
Savitar, God, send far away all mourning and tragedies,
And send us only what is good..


ALSO READ: Lyrics & English Translations of Draupadi entry song,'Kumari Chapi Panchali' from Mahabharat ! 

That was taken from 1st and 5th verse of Rigveda's shlok (hymn) number 82.  Here is the whole hymn from verse no. 1 to 9th..

1) तत सवितुर वर्णीमहे वयं देवस्य भोजनम |
शरेष्ठं सर्वधातमं तुरम भगस्य धीमहि ||

Tat savitur vrnīmahe vayam devasya bhojanam |
Srestham sarvadhātamam turam bhaghasya dhīmahi ||

We desire of the God Savitar, this fortune much to be enjoyed,
The best and all sustaining, glorious gift of Bhaga we would gladly win..

2) अस्य हि सवयशस्तरं सवितुः कच चन परियम |
न मिनन्ति सवराज्यम ||

Asya hi svayaśastaram savituh kac cana priyam |
Na minanti svarājyam ||

Savitar's own supremacy, most magnificent and adored of all,
No one diminished in aught (anything at all)..

3) स हि रत्नानि दाशुषे सुवाति सविता भगः |
तम भागं चित्रम ईमहे ||

Sa hi ratnāni dāśuse suvāti savitā bhaghah |
Tam bhāgham citram īmahe ||

For Savitar, who is Bhaga shall send riches to his worshipper,
That amazing portion we pray..

4) अद्या नो देव सवितः परजावत सावीः सौभगम |
परा दुष्वप्न्यं सुव ||

Adyā no deva savitah prajāvat sāvīh saubhagham |
Parā dusvapnyam suva ||

God Savitar , send us this day,  prosperity with offspring,
thou(you) drive the evil dream away..

5) विश्वानि देव सवितर दुरितानि परा सुव |
यद भद्रं तन न आ सुव ||

Viśvāni deva savitar duritāni parā suva |
Yad bhadram tan na ā suva ||

Savitar, God, send far away all mourning and tragedies,
And send us only what is good..

6) अनागसो अदितये देवस्य सवितुः सवे |
विश्वा वामानि धीमहि ||

Anāghaso aditaye devasya savituh save |
Viśvā vāmāni dhīmahi ||

Sinless in sight of Aditi through the God Savitar's influence,
may we obtain all lovely things..

7) आ विश्वदेवं सत्पतिं सूक्तैर अद्या वर्णीमहे |
सत्यसवं सवितारम ||

ā viśvadevam satpatim sūktair adyā vrnīmahe |
Satyasavam savitāram ||

We with our hymns this day opt for the general God, Lord of the good,
Savitr whose verdict's are true.

8) य इमे उभे अहनी पुर एत्य अप्रयुछन |
सवाधीर देवः सविता ||

Ya ime ubhe ahanī pura ety aprayuchan |
Svādhīr devah savitā ||

He who for ever cautious leads these Twain(twain means two), the Day and Night,
Is Savitar the thoughtful God..

9) य इमा विश्वा जातान्य आश्रावयति शलोकेन |
पर च सुवाति सविता ||

Ya imā viśvā jātāny āśrāvayati ślokena |
Ypra ca suvāti savitā ||

He who gives glory unto all these living creatures with the song,
brings them forth, is Savitar.


ALSO READ: Mahabharat explains all aspects of life..

The 1st mantra is in Anustup Chhanda, whereas the following ones from the 2nd to the 9th ones are in the Gayatri Chhanda. Anustup Chhanda has four lines. Whereas, Gayatri chhanda consist of three padas or lines, each line having eight syllables.

For those uninitiated, Chhanda is the metre that is used, and can be derived from the sequence of LONG (guru - heavy) and SHORT (laghu - light) syllables. 

I am sure you must be confused, who is Savita or Savitar or Savitr  or Savitah?.. Well Savita is a symbol of the Divine. On the eternity / infinite plane , Savita means God. Whereas on the physical plane, it means Sun. On the supernatural plane it means cleverness and on the biological plane, it means liveliness.

In Hindu Shastra's the Surya is described as Savita and is one of the Aditya's.  According to Rigveda, Aditya's are the seven deities (dev) of the heaven, namely Varuna, Mitra, Aryaman, Bhaga, Daksha, Anśa and Savitar.

In our Universe, Surya/Sun/Savita is the source of all the things. It is through His Divine Grace that the Universe exists.

The 'Savitur' in the Gayatri Mantra is derived from Savita, that's why the Gayatri Mantra is often referred as the Savitri Mantra as this magical mantra speaks of the Sun.

तत सवितुर्वरेण्यं भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि |
धियो यो नः परचोदयात ||

Tat saviturvarenyam bhargho devasya dhīmahi|
Dhiyo yo nah pracodayāt ||

May we attain that excellent glory of Savitar the God, so May he motivate our prayers. 


-K Himaanshu Shukla..



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